CONTENTS

  • GENERAL CONCEPTS

  • WASTE MANAGEMENT PYRAMID

  • HOW TO MANAGE THE WASTES

  • LAWS and REGULATIONS

  • DANGEROUS WASTE DISPOSAL

  • DANGEROUS WASTE TRANSPORTATION

  • DANGEROUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PLAN

  • DANGEROUS WASTE PROPERTIES

  • CLASSIFICATION


GENERAL CONCEPTS

WASTE: Every kind of material that is undesirable to be given to the receiving environment directly or indirectly in such a way to harm the environment and human health, created as the result of the production and usage activities.

WASTE MANAGEMENT : A management type that includes the processes such as reducing the waste at its source, separation according to the properties, collection, temporary storage, interim storage, recovery, transportation, disposal and the controls after the disposal processes, and similar processes.

INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT : The application of the waste management integratedly to all the wastes.


WASTE MANAGEMENT PYRAMID



The Waste Management Pyramid is evaluated from the top steps towards the lower steps. The first stage is to prevent the creation of the waste, if not possible this waste shall be minimized. Then the waste shall be re-used, if this is not possible the recycling and energy recovery are aimed at. The last process we can carry out for the waste, which remains after such methods or on which such methods cannot be applied, is disposal (such as regular storage, burning etc.).


HOW TO MANAGE THE WASTES

The belowmentioned steps shall be applied for an applicable and efficient Waste Management.

1- Determination of an Authority/Responsible Person : Firstly a responsible person shall be defined to carry out the waste processes without problem and single handedly, and this person shall create an Environment Unit that consists of the sufficient number of personnel. In scope of the personnel who are appointed by the responsible person to collect the wastes, also other duties such as temporary warehouse area responsible, etc shall be distributed.

2- Waste Definition: All the wastes that occur at the facility shall firstly be defined and the sources shall be determined. Firstly the domestic solid wastes received by the municipality, the package wastes and industrial wastes (dangerous wastes, waste oils, contaminated (any dangerous waste/waste oil contamination)) package wastes shall be determined. Their occurrence frequency and amounts shall be determined. Their related regulations, how they must be collected, transported, their temporary storage requirements, maximum storage duration etc. points shall be determined.


3. Separate Collection At The Source: To collect all the wastes separately at the source, the containers shall be placed according to the types and properties of the wastes, as big and as many as required based on their creation location (closed containers shall be used for dangerous wastes). Information and warning labels stating the waste type to be put shall be written on each container. If possible, different color of containers can be used for different wastes. Such an application will increase the success in collecting the wastes separately at the source.

4. Personnel Training: Whole personnel in addition to the team responsible from the waste management shall be trained/informed about the waste management, everyone must know their own duties and be reminded to be meticulous in collecting the wastes separately.

5. Foundation of the Temporary Waste Storage Field: A "Temporary Waste Storage Field" shall be established to temporarily store the wastes collected separately in different containers at the source, safely, within the facility according to the regulations. For the dangerous wastes, packaging wastes and domestic wastes, different storage fields can be created. The area where the dangerous wastes are going to be stored shall be an area within the facility area, with concrete flood that prevents leakage, where precautions are takenagainst the spillage and leakages, where different sections for different wastes are created and where the different wastes can be separately and suitably stored (within a container when required). The names of the wastes stored will be written at the sections in this area. The waste code, storage date etc. information will be written for the sections and if container is used, on the containers. The unauthorized people's entrance shall be prevented. Moreover, fire and emergency precautions shall be taken for this area. What is more, precautions shall be taken to prevent the spreading of the wastes because of factors such as wind, rain etc. in the area used to store the package wastes and domestic wastes.

6. Pre-Processing: The package wastes and the packages contaminated with dangerous wastes (for instance the paint cans) shall be squeezed if possible, so that they will take less amount of space during transportation and storage. Watery wastes shall be dehydrated as much as possible. Such precautions create important economic advantages for the company in terms of weight and costs.

7. Waste Disposal/Recovery: Inquiries shall be carried out to dispose/recover the wastes at the temporary storage area and the authorized facility shall be selected to receive the waste, by making interviews with the licensed facilities.

8. Keeping Records: The regular records shall be kept for all the processes. This makes it easier to issue waste declaration forms, to prepare the waste management plans and in cases of possible revisions.


LAWS and REGULATIONS

2872 no. Environment Law

Article 8 : It is forbidden to directly or indirectly transfer, store, transport and carry out similar activities regarding any kind of waste and residue, in such a way to harm the environment, against the standards and methods stated in the related regulations.

Article 11 : The facilities and managements and the settlement units, of which wastes that are created as the result of production, consumption and service activities are not found suitable to be directly or indirectly transferred to the receiving environments, are obliged to purify and dispose their wastes according to the standards and methods stated in the regulations, or have such processes carried out by others, and to receive the anticipated permissions.


DANGEROUS WASTE DISPOSAL

Many dangerous waste or dangerous chemical can be used by taking some precautions to reduce the risks. When thrown away, such materials cannot be controlled by the users. Such materials may cause the living creatures that contact them directly or indirectly, to be harmed. Consequently the dangerous wastes shall be duly collected and processed differently than the other wastes because of the risks.

The belowmentioned methods are used when the dangerous wastes are evaluated:

Prevention/reduction at the source: The best way to avoid the wastes is to stop their creation at the source or to produce less amount of waste.

Recycling: To recover or re-use the whole waste or the usable materials within the wastes (such as waste oil recovery).

Purification: The wastes can be turned into a less dangerous or non-dangerous state by using physical, biological or chemical purification.

Disposal: When the waste occurrence is inevitable and when the abovementioned processes cannot be applied, the wastes that cannot be put to use are disposed with methods such as burning, storing, etc.

Interim Storage of the Dangerous Wastes

When a suitable location cannot be found for the final disposal or recovery or before delivering to the disposal/recovery facilities, the wastes can be stored at the interim storages so that their amount reaches the sufficient capacity. The waiting period in such storages cannot exceed a year. But this duration can be extended with Ministry's permission in compulsory situations. Pre-license and license must be obtained from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, for the interim storage facilities.

The real persons and legal entities who want to found an interim storage facility apply to the Ministry of Environment and Forestry with the information, certificates and other documents stated in Appendix 13.

At the interim storage and processing facilities:

- Entrance, storage and work areas,

- Firefighting systems,

- Cleaning systems to clean the pipes, containers and reservoirs,

- Sufficient amount of absorbent and neutralizer to collect the spilled and poured wastes.


DANGEROUS WASTE TRANSPORTATION

The waste transportation is carried out by vehicles according to the properties of the waste to be transported, by people and institutions with specific licenses. The waste to be transported in the same vehicle and the same container must have the same code number.

It is compulsory to use the National Waste Transportation Form when the dangerous wastes are transported, and to use the "National Waste Transportation Form" when the Dangerous Wastes, Waste Mineral Oils, Waste Vegetable Oils, Waste Accumulators and End-Of-Life Tires are transported. This form can be obtained from the Provincial Directorates of the Environment and Forestry.


Dangerous Waste Management Plan

  • Determination of the dangerous wastes

  • Determination of the dangerous wastes estimated annual amounts

  • Making contracts with the licensed institutions

  • Beginning of the collection of the wastes at the source separately, in a defined (according to the international standards) way.

  • Creation of the dangerous waste temporary storage area

  • Filling the waste management plan

  • Sending the Waste Management Plan to the Provincial Environment Directorate


DANGEROUS WASTE PROPERTIES



CLASSIFICATION

  1. OLIN TRICHLOROETHYLENE

Hazard Symbol : T (Toxic)

Risk Phrases :

R45 : May cause cancer.

R68 : May cause irrevocable effect.

R36/38 : Irritating to the eyes and the skin.

R43 : May cause allergy in case of skin contact.

R67 : Its vapor may cause lethargy and dizziness.

R52/53 : Harmful for aquatic organisms, may cause long-lasting negative effects for water environment.

Safety Phrases :


S53 : Avoid exposure, read the special instructions before usage.

S45 : In case of an accident or when you do not feel well, consult a physician immediately.

S61 : Avoid dumping it to the environment randomly.





B. OLIN PERCHLOROETHYLENE

Hazard Symbol : X(N) : (Harmful)

N : Dangerous for the environment

Risk Phrases :

R40A : Limited evidence about being carcinogenic.

R51/53 : Toxic for aquatic organisms, may cause long-lasting negative effects for water environment.

Safety Phrases :

S23 : Do not inhale the vapor.

S36/37 : Use suitable protective clothes when working, use protective gloves.

S61 : Avoid dumping it to the environment randomly.


C. OLIN METHYLENE CHLORIDE TECHNICAL – E

Hazard Symbol : X(N) : (Harmful)

Risk Phrases :

R40A : Limited evidence about being carcinogenic.

Safety Phrases :

S23 : Do not inhale the vapor.

S24/25 : Avoid eye and skin contact.

S36/37 : Use suitable protective clothes when working, use protective gloves.


D. OLIN METHENE PU

Hazard Symbol : X(N) : (Harmful)

Risk Phrases :

R40A : Limited evidence about being carcinogenic.

Safety Phrases :

S23 : Do not inhale the vapor.

S24/25 : Avoid eye and skin contact.

S37/39 : Use suitable protection gloves, goggles/mask when working.